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The Jane Austen Peacock: How a bird became an icon

The stunning new Jane Austen Peacock brooch, now available from our online gift shop, celebrates the long-standing association between this most handsome of fowl and Jane Austen’s comparably elegant Pride and Prejudice. As a motif, the peacock is indelibly linked with the novel; indeed so entrenched is the association that readers often assume peafowl must be mentioned somewhere within it, perhaps strutting around the grounds of Pemberley, Mr. Darcy’s estate. Surprisingly, perhaps, the birds are mentioned nowhere in the book, nor for that matter do they appear in any of Jane’s other works. The association in fact only goes back to 1894, and to one of the most iconic cover designs with which the novels would ever be graced. Often referred to as the most beautiful edition of any Jane Austen novel, and selling for high prices in the collctors’ market, the 1894 George Allen edition of Pride and Prejudice has two notable claims to fame. First, in its introduction by critic George Saintsbury, it includes the first use of the term ‘Janeite’ (though Saintsbury spells it ‘Janite’).  And second, it was beautifully illustrated throughout by the prolific artist Hugh Thompson (1860 – 1920). But even more than the delightful illustrations within the novel, Thompson’s most important bequest to the iconography of Jane Austen’s works was his magnificent cover design: Why a Jane Austen Peacock? Rather than reproduce a specific scene from the novel, or any of its central characters, Thompson opted instead for a design that would serve as

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